Transliteration tables

Author: Vitaly Blokhin vitinfo@vitn.com   Vital Network: www.vitn.com
Universal Converter: www.uconv.com   This pagewww.uconv.com/translit.htm   Date: 2005-04-04

For more info visit the Visual International Transliteration page

This page has examples of transliteration mostly for languages that use scripts different from the Roman (Latin) script. Your browser has to support Unicode to show this page correctly. Some required fonts for a number of reasons may be missing on your system. In this case you may see empty boxes or strange characters instead of the right ones.
Any questions, comments or proposals regarding the content of this page are welcome.
Transliterations for several particular languages were implemented with the help of people knowledgeable or to a certain degree knowledgeable in these languages, especially their writing systems and phonetics. Author is very thankful to all these people. Their contribution is or will be acknowledged on a separate Acknoledgements page.
Transliterations proposed on this page conform to the principles of Visual International Transliteration that employs Transliterated Encoding Technology (see www.uconv.com), though some more or less traditional, possibly ambiguous, transliterations may be also given here for reference and comparison.
More languages are being added and are coming soon. Do not miss your opportunity to contribute for the languages you are familiar with!



Russian

 Language name   English  Russian
 Native  русский
 VIT/TET   |russkij|
 ISO-639-1
ru
 ISO-639-2
rus
 Script name  English  Cyrillic
 Native  кириллица
 VIT/TET   |kirillica|
 Direction
left-to-right
 Alphabet name  English  azbuka
 Native  азбука/алфавит 
 VIT/TET   |azbuka/alfavit
 Case 
yes
 Unicode main   Cyrillic
 0400-04FF
 CYRILLIC_

No Letter Name Code IPA VIT/TET-1
Russian
Standardization
Committee
(GOST)
Translietartion
used by
KOI-7/KOI-8
Example of
Phonetic
Keyboard
(YaSherty)
Notes
Capital Small Capital Small Capital Small Capital Small
1
А
а
A
0410:1040
0430:1072
a
A
A
a
A
A
a
 
2
Б
б
BE
0411:1041
0431:1073
b
B
B
b
B
B
b
 
3
В
в
VE
0412:1042
0432:1074
v
V
V
w
W
V
v
 
4
Г
г
GHE
0413:1043
0433:1075
g
G
G
g
G
G
g
 
5
Д
д
DE
0414:1044
0434:1076
d
D
D
d
D
D
d
 
6
Е
е
IE
0415:1045
0435:1077
je,ʲe,e,ɛ
E
E
e
E
E
e
 
7
Ё
ё
IO
0401:1025
0451:1105
jo,ʲo,o
JO
JO
 3
 #
@
#
 
8
Ж
ж
ZHE
0416:1046
0436:1078
ʒ
ZH
ZH
v
V
{
[
 
9
З
з
ZE
0417:1047
0437:1079
z
Z
Z
z
Z
Z
z
 
10
И
и
I
0418:1048
0438:1080
i
I
I
i
I
I
i
 
11
Й
й
SHORT_I
0419:1049
0439:1081
j
J=JH
JJ
j
J
J
j
 
12
К
к
KA
041A:1050
043A:1082
k
K
K
k
K
K
k
 
13
Л
л
EL
041B:1051
043B:1083
l
L
L
l
L
L
l
 
14
М
м
EM
041C:1052
043C:1084
m
M
M
m
M
M
m
 
15
Н
н
EN
041D:1053
043D:1085
n
N
N
n
N
N
n
 
16
О
о
O
041E:1054
043E:1086
o
O
O
o
O
O
o
 
17
П
п
PE
041F:1055
043F:1087
p
P
P
p
P
P
p
 
18
Р
р
ER
0420:1056
0440:1088
r
R
R
r
R
R
r
 
19
С
с
ES
0421:1057
0441:1089
s
S
S
s
S
S
s
 
20
Т
т
TE
0422:1058
0442:1090
t
T
T
t
T
T
t
 
21
У
у
U
0423:1059
0443:1091
u
U
U
u
U
U
u
 
22
Ф
ф
EF
0424:1060
0444:1092
f
F
F
f
F
F
f
 
23
Х
х
HA
0425:1061
0445:1093
x
X
KH
h
H
X
x
 
24
Ц
ц
TSE
0426:1062
0446:1094
ts
C
C
c
C
C
c
 
25
Ч
ч
CHE
0427:1063
0447:1095
ʧʲ
CH
CH
~
^
H
h
 
26
Ш
ш
SHA
0428:1064
0448:1096
ʃ
SH
SH
{
[
W
w
 
27
Щ
щ
SHCHA
0429:1065
0449:1097
ʃʲ
TH
SHH
}
]
}
]
 
28
Ъ
ъ
HARD_SIGN
042A:1066
044A:1098
 
QH
"
 
_
^
&
 
29
Ы
ы
YERU
042B:1067
044B:1099
ɨ
Y
Y
y
Y
Y
y
 
30
Ь
ь
SOFT_SIGN
042C:1068
044C:1100
ʲ
Q
'
x
X
+
=
 
31
Э
э
E
042D:1069
044D:1101
ɛ
EH
EH
|
\
|
\
 
32
Ю
ю
YU
042E:1070
044E:1102
ju,ʲu,u
JU
JU
`
@
~
`
 
33
Я
я
YA
042F:1071
044F:1103
ja,ʲa,a
JA
JA
q
Q
Q
q
 
Additional non-alphabetic characters
(only those not present in ASCII/ISO-646 and therefore requiring transliteration)
+34
\
REVERSE_SOLIDUS
005C : 92
 
\\
      This character is not required
itself but is used as a
special marker to represent
other required characters
+35
«
LEFT-POINTING_
DOUBLE_ANGLE_
QUOTATION_MARK
00AB : 171
 
\{
       
+36
»
RIGHT-POINTING_
DOUBLE_ANGLE_
QUOTATION_MARK
00BB : 187
 
\}
       
+37
DOUBLE_LOW-9_
QUOTATION_MARK
201E : 8222
 
\[
       
+38
LEFT_DOUBLE_
QUOTATION_MARK
201C : 8220
 
\]
      Russian closing double quote;
corresponds to English
opening double quote
+39
SINGLE_LOW-9_
QUOTATION_MARK
201A : 8218
 
\(
       
+40
LEFT_SINGLE_
QUOTATION_MARK
2018 : 8216
 
\)
      Russian closing single quote;
corresponds to English
opening single quote
+41
§
SECTION_SIGN
00A7 : 167
 
\$
       
+42
NUMERO_SIGN
2116 : 8470
 
\#
       
+43
EN_DASH
2013 : 8211
 
\-
       
+44
EM_DASH
2014 : 8212
 
\=
       
+45
HORIZONTAL_ELLIPSIS
2026 : 8230
 
\.
       
+46
'
COMBINING_ ACUTE_ACCENT
0301 : 769
 
\'
      Used on vowels as a stress sign
+47
|
VERTICAL_LINE
007C : 124
 
\|
      This character is not required
itself but is used as a
language switch

Also visit the following pages:
  www.uconv.com/ru.htm
  www.vitn.com/vitrus.htm


Ukrainian, uk, |ukrajinsqka mova|, українська мова
Cyrillic,  0400,  CYRILLIC_CAPITAL/SMALL_LETTER_,  left-to-right

No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
LetterCapital
LetterSmall
А
а
Б
б
В
в
Г
г
Ґ
ґ
Д
д
Е
е
Є
є
Ж
ж
З
з
И
и
І
і
Ї
ї
Й
й
К
к
Л
л
М
м
Н
н
О
о
П
п
Р
р
С
с
Т
т
У
у
Ф
ф
Х
х
Ц
ц
Ч
ч
Ш
ш
Щ
щ
Ь
ь
Ю
ю
Я
я
'
Name
A
BE
VE
GHE
GHE_WITH_
UPTURN
DE
IE
UKRAINIAN_
IE
ZHE
ZE
I
BYELORUSSIAN_
UKRAINIAN_I
YI
SHORT_I
KA
L
M
N
O
PE
ER
ES
TE
U
EF
HA
TSE
CHE
SHA
SHCHA
SOFT_SIGN
YU
YA
APOSTROPHE
HexCapital
HexSmall
0410
0430
0411
0431
0412
0432
0413
0433
0490
0491
0414
0434
0415
0435
0404
0454
0416
0436
0417
0437
0418
0438
0406
0456
0407
0457
0419
0439
041A
043A
041B
043B
041C
043C
041D
043D
041E
043E
041F
043F
0420
0440
0421
0441
0422
0442
0423
0443
0424
0444
0425
0445
0426
0446
0427
0447
0428
0448
0429
0449
042C
044C
042E
044E
042F
044F
0027
DecCapital
DecSmall
1040
1072
1041
1073
1042
1074
1043
1075
1168
1169
1044
1076
1045
1077
1028
1108
1046
1078
1047
1079
1048
1080
1030
1110
1031
1111
1049
1081
1050
1082
1051
1083
1052
1084
1053
1085
1054
1086
1055
1087
1056
1088
1057
1089
1058
1090
1059
1091
1060
1092
1061
1093
1062
1094
1063
1095
1064
1096
1065
1097
1068
1100
1070
1102
1071
1103
39
2-ltr-max
case
A
B
V
G
GH
D
E
JE
ZH
Z
Y
I
JI
J=JH
K
L
M
N
O
P
R
S
T
U
F
X
C
CH
SH
TH
Q
JU
JA
'


Hebrew, he, |ahbryt|, עברית
Hebrew,  0590,  HEBREW_LETTER_,  right-to-left,  caseless

No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
LetterFinal
LetterRegular
 א   ב   ג   ד   ה   ו   ז   ח   ט   י   ך
כ
 
 ל   ם
מ
 
 ן
נ
 
 ס   ע   ף
פ
 
 ץ
צ
 
 ק   ר   ש   ת 
Name
ALEF
BET
GIMEL
DALET
HE
VAV
ZAYIN
HET
TET
YOD
KAF
LAMED
MEM
NUN
SAMEKH
AYIN
PE
TSADI
QOF
RESH
SHIN
TAV
HexFinal
HexRegular
05D0
05D1
05D2
05D3
05D4
05D5
05D6
05D7
05D8
05D9
05DA
05DB
05DC
05DD
05DE
05DF
05E0
05E1
05E2
05E3
05E4
05E5
05E6
05E7
05E8
05E9
05EA
DecFinal
DecRegular
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
2-ltr-max
caseless
A
B
G
D
X
V
Z
KH
TH
Y
K
L
M
N
S
AH
P
C
Q
R
SH
T

Also visit the following pages:
  www.uconv.com/he.htm
  www.vitn.com/vitheb.htm


Georgian (modern)

Language name  English  georgian
 Native  ქართული
 VIT/TET  |kharthuli
 ISO-639-1 
ka
 ISO-639-2/B 
geo
 ISO-639-2/T 
kat
 Script name  English  mkhedruli
 Native  მხედრული 
 VIT/TET  |mxedruli
 Direction 
left-to-right
 Alphabet name  English  anban(i)
 Native  ანბანი
 VIT/TET  |anbani
 Case 
no
 Unicode main   Georgian
 10A0-10FF
 GEORGIAN_LETTER_

No Letter Name Code IPA VIT/TET-1 AP-CH
National 2000
BGN/PCGN
1981
MOW Common
Transliteration
Notes
1
AN
10D0:4304
a
a
a
a
a
a
 
2
BAN
10D1:4305
b
b
b
b
b
b
 
3
GAN
10D2:4306
g
g
g
g
g
g
 
4
DON
10D3:4307
d
d
d
d
d
 
5
EN
10D4:4308
e
e
e
e
e
e
 
6
VIN
10D5:4309
v
v
v
v
v
v
 
7
ZEN
10D6:4310
z
z
z
z
z
z
 
8
TAN
10D7:4311
t̻ʰ
th
t
t'
t'h/th
T
 
9
IN
10D8:4312
i
i
i
i
i/j
i
 
10
KAN
10D9:4313
k'
k
k'
k
c
k
 
11
LAS
10DA:4314
l
l
l
l
l
l
 
12
MAN
10DB:4315
m
m
m
m
m
m
 
13
NAR
10DC:4316
n
n
n
n
n
n
 
14
ON
10DD:4317
o
o
o
o
o
o
 
15
PAR
10DE:4318
p'
p
p'
p
p
p
 
16
ZHAR
10DF:4319
ʒ
zh
zh
zh
zh
J
most common
name is ZHAN
17
RAE
10E0:4320
r
r
r
r
r
r
 
18
SAN
10E1:4321
s
s
s
s
s
s
 
19
TAR
10E2:4322
t̻'
t
t'
t
t
t
 
20
UN
10E3:4323
u
u
u
u
u
u
 
21
PHAR
10E4:4324
ph
p
p'
p'h
f
 
22
KHAR
10E5:4325
kh
k
k'
k/ch
q
 
23
GHAN
10E6:4326
ɣ
gh
gh
gh
gh
R
 
24
QAR
10E7:4327
q'
q
q'
q
q
y
 
25
SHIN
10E8:4328
ʃ
sh
sh
sh
sh/sch
S
 
26
CHIN
10E9:4329
ʧʰ
ch
ch
ch'
ch
C
 
27
CAN
10EA:4330
tsʰ
c
ts
ts'
tz
c
 
28
JIL
10EB:4331
dz
dh
dz
dz
dz/z
Z
most common
name is DZIL
29
CIL
10EC:4332
ts'
w
ts'
ts
ts
w
The only
"visual" compromise
in VIT/TET-1
30
CHAR
10ED:4333
ʧ'
j
ch'
ch
ch
W
 
31
XAN
10EE:4334
x
x
kh
kh
kh
x
 
32
JHAN
10EF:4335
ʤ
jh
j
j
dj/j
j
 
33
HAE
10F0:4336
h
xh
h
h
h
h
 

Also visit the following pages:
  http://www.uconv.com/ka.htm
  http://www.armazi.com/georgian/
  http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U10A0.pdf



Arabic

Language name  English  Arabic
 Native العربية 
 VIT/TET  |alyrbiah
 ISO-639-1 
ar
 ISO-639-2 
ara
 Script name  English  abjad
 Native ابجدية 
 VIT/TET  |abgdiah
 Direction 
right-to-left
 Alphabet name  English  'alif ba'
 Native ألف باء 
 VIT/TET  |a'lf bay'
 Case 
no
 Unicode 
 main 
Arabic
0600-06FF
ARABIC_LETTER_
 Unicode 
 additional 
Arabic Presentation Forms-A
FB50-FDFF
ARABIC_
 Unicode 
 additional 
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
FE70-FEFF
ARABIC_

No Letter Name Code Isolated Final Initial Medial IPA VIT/TET-1 Buckwalter Notes
1   ا ALEF 0627:1575
FE8D:65165

FE8E:65166
   
a,a:,ʔ
a
A
 
2   ب BEH 0628:1576
FE8F:65167

FE90:65168

FE91:65169

FE92:65170
b
b
b
 
3   ت TEH 062A:1578
FE95:65173

FE96:65174

FE97:65175

FE98:65176
t
t
t
 
4   ث THEH 062B:1579
FE99:65177

FE9A:65178

FE9B:65179

FE9C:65180
θ
th
v
 
5   ج JEEM 062C:1580
FE9D:65181

FE9E:65182

FE9F:65183

FEA0:65184
ʤ
g
j
 
6   ح HAH 062D:1581
FEA1:65185

FEA2:65186

FEA3:65187

FEA4:65188
ħ
xh
H
 
7   خ KHAH 062E:1582
FEA5:65189

FEA6:65190

FEA7:65191

FEA8:65192
x
x
x
 
8   د DAL 062F:1583
FEA9:65193

FEAA:65194
   
d
d
d
 
9   ذ THAL 0630:1584
FEAB:65195

FEAC:65196
   
ð
dh
*
 
10   ر REH 0631:1585
FEAD:65197

FEAE:65198
   
r
r
r
 
11   ز ZAIN 0632:1586
FEAF:65199

FEB0:65200
   
z
z
z
 
12   س SEEN 0633:1587
FEB1:65201

FEB2:65202

FEB3:65203

FEB4:65204
s
s
s
 
13   ش SHEEN 0634:1588
FEB5:65205

FEB6:65206

FEB7:65207

FEB8:65208
ʃ
sh
$
 
14   ص SAD 0635:1589
FEB9:65209

FEBA:65210

FEBB:65211

FEBC:65212
s'
S
 
15   ض DAD 0636:1590
FEBD:65213

FEBE:65214

FEBF:65215

FEC0:65216
d'
D
 
16   ط TAH 0637:1591
FEC1:65217

FEC2:65218

FEC3:65219

FEC4:65220
t'
T
 
17   ظ ZAH 0638:1592
FEC5:65221

FEC6:65222

FEC7:65223

FEC8:65224
z'
Z
 
18   ع AIN 0639:1593
FEC9:65225

FECA:65226

FECB:65227

FECC:65228
ʕ
y
E
 
19   غ GHAIN 063A:1594
FECD:65229

FECE:65230

FECF:65231

FED0:65232
ʁ
gh
g
 
20   ف FEH 0641:1601
FED1:65233

FED2:65234

FED3:65235

FED4:65236
f
f
f
 
21   ق QAF 0642:1602
FED5:65237

FED6:65238

FED7:65239

FED8:65240
q
q
q
 
22   ك KAF 0643:1603
FED9:65241

FEDA:65242

FEDB:65243

FEDC:65244
k
k
k
 
23   ل LAM 0644:1604
FEDD:65245

FEDE:65246

FEDF:65247

FEE0:65248
l
l
l
 
24   م MEEM 0645:1605
FEE1:65249

FEE2:65250

FEE3:65251

FEE4:65252
m
m
m
 
25   ن NOON 0646:1606
FEE5:65253

FEE6:65254

FEE7:65255

FEE8:65256
n
n
n
 
26   ه HEH 0647:1607
FEE9:65257

FEEA:65258

FEEB:65259

FEEC:65260
h
x'
h
 
27   و WAW 0648:1608
FEED:65261

FEEE:65262
   
u:,w,aw
u
w
 
28   ي YEH 064A:1610
FEF1:65265

FEF2:65266

FEF3:65267

FEF4:65268
i:,j,aj
i
y
 
Additions, variants, forms, diacritics
+29   ء HAMZA 0621:1569
FE80:65152
     
ʔ
y'
'
 
+30   ة TEH_
MARBUTA
0629:1577
FE93:65171

FE94:65172
   
h,t
ah
p
 
+31   ى ALEF_
MAKSURA
0649:1609
FEEF:65263

FEF0:65264
   
i:,j,aj,a
jh
Y
 
+32   َ FATHA 064E:1614
FE76:65142
   
FE77:65143
a
e
a
 
+33   ُ DAMMA 064F:1615
FE78:65144
   
FE79:65145
u
o
u
 
+34   ِ KASRA 0650:1616
FE7A:65146
   
FE7B:65147
i
j
i
 
+35   ً FATHATAN 064B:1611
FE70:65136
     
an
an'
F
 
+36   ٌ DAMMATAN 064C:1612
FE72:65138
     
un
un'
N
 
+37   ٍ KASRATAN 064D:1613
FE74:65140
     
in
in'
K
 
+38   ّ SHADDA 0651:1617
FE7C:65148
   
FE7D:65149
 
2'
~
 
+39   ْ SUKUN 0652:1618
FE7E:65150
   
FE7F:65151
 
0'
o
 
+40   ـ TATWEEL 0640:1600        
 
 
_
 
+41   آ ALEF_WITH_
MADDA_ABOVE
0622:1570
FE81:65153

FE82:65154
   
ʔa:
eh
|
 
+42   أ ALEF_WITH_
HAMZA_ABOVE
0623:1571
FE83:65155

FE84:65156
   
ʔa
a'
>
 
+43   ؤ WAW_WITH_
HAMZA_ABOVE
0624:1572
FE85:65157

FE86:65158
   
ʔu
u'
&
 
+44   إ ALEF_WITH_
HAMZA_BELOW
0625:1573
FE87:65159

FE88:65160
   
ʔi
i'
<
 
+45   ئ YEH_WITH_
HAMZA_ABOVE
0626:1574
FE89:65161

FE8A:65162

FE8B:65163

FE8C:65164
ʔi
j'
}
 
+46   ﻻ LIGATURE_LAM_
WITH_ALEF
 

FEFB:65275

FEFC:65276
   
la
 
 
Included
only for
consistency
with
Microsoft
and
Unipad
keyboard
layouts
+47   ﻵ LIGATURE_LAM_
WITH_ALEF_WITH_
MADDA_ABOVE
 

FEF5:65269

FEF6:65270
   
lʔa:
 
 
+48   ﻷ LIGATURE_LAM_
WITH_ALEF_WITH_
HAMZA_ABOVE
 

FEF7:65271

FEF8:65272
   
lʔa
 
 
+49   ﻹ LIGATURE_LAM_
WITH_ALEF_WITH_
HAMZA_BELOW
 

FEF9:65273

FEFA:65274
   
lʔi
 
 
Punctuation
+50   ، ARABIC_COMMA 060C:1548          
,
   
+51   ؛ ARABIC_
SEMICOLON
061B:1563          
;
   
+52   ؟ ARABIC_
QUESTION_MARK
061F:1567          
?
   
Digits
+53   ٠ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_ZERO
0660:1632          
0
   
+54   ١ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_ONE
0661:1633          
1
   
+55   ٢ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_TWO
0662:1634          
2
   
+56   ٣ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_THREE
0663:1635          
3
   
+57   ٤ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_FOUR
0664:1636          
4
   
+58   ٥ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_FIVE
0665:1637          
5
   
+59   ٦ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_SIX
0666:1638          
6
   
+60   ٧ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_SEVEN
0667:1639          
7
   
+61   ٨ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_EIGHT
0668:1640          
8
   
+62   ٩ ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_NINE
0669:1641          
9
   
Also visit the following pages:
  www.uconv.com/ar.htm
  www.xrce.xerox.com/competencies/content-analysis/arabic/input/keyboard_input.html Transliterations and keyboard layouts



Persian

Language name  English  Persian
 Native فارسی 
 VIT/TET  |farsi
 ISO-639-1 
fa
 ISO-639-2/B 
per
 ISO-639-2/T 
fas
 Script name  English  xat-e farsi
 Native خط فارسی 
 VIT/TET  |xt' farsi
 Direction 
right-to-left
 Alphabet name  English  alefba
 Native الفبا 
 VIT/TET  |alfba
 Case 
no
 Unicode 
 main 
Arabic
0600-06FF
ARABIC_LETTER_
 Unicode 
 additional 
Arabic Presentation Forms-A
FB50-FDFF
ARABIC_
 Unicode 
 additional 
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
FE70-FEFF
ARABIC_

No Letter Name Code Isolated Final Initial Medial IPA VIT/TET-1 Peter E. Hauer CRL Phonetic Layout Notes
1   ا ALEF 0627:1575
FE8D:65165

FE8E:65166
   
ʔ,ɔ,æ,ɵ
a
a
a
 
2   ب BEH 0628:1576
FE8F:65167

FE90:65168

FE91:65169

FE92:65170
b
b
b
b
 
3   پ PEH 067E:1662
FB56:64342

FE90:64343

FE91:64344

FE92:64345
p
p
p
p
 
4   ت TEH 062A:1578
FE95:65173

FE96:65174

FE97:65175

FE98:65176
t
t
t
t
 
5   ث THEH 062B:1579
FE99:65177

FE9A:65178

FE9B:65179

FE9C:65180
s
th
c
c
 
6   ج JEEM 062C:1580
FE9D:65181

FE9E:65182

FE9F:65183

FEA0:65184
ʤ
dc
j
j
 
7   چ TCHEH 0686:1670
FB7A:64378

FB7B:64379

FB7C:64380

FB7D:64381
ʧ
tc
J
x
 
8   ح HAH 062D:1581
FEA1:65185

FEA2:65186

FEA3:65187

FEA4:65188
h,ɵ
xh
H
H
 
9   خ KHAH 062E:1582
FEA5:65189

FEA6:65190

FEA7:65191

FEA8:65192
x
x
K
X
 
10   د DAL 062F:1583
FEA9:65193

FEAA:65194
   
d
d
d
d
 
11   ذ THAL 0630:1584
FEAB:65195

FEAC:65196
   
ð
dh
D
Z
 
12   ر REH 0631:1585
FEAD:65197

FEAE:65198
   
r
r
r
r
 
13   ز ZAIN 0632:1586
FEAF:65199

FEB0:65200
   
z
z
z
z
 
14   ژ JEH 0698:1688
FB8A:64394

FB8B:64395
   
ʒ
zh
Z
J
 
15   س SEEN 0633:1587
FEB1:65201

FEB2:65202

FEB3:65203

FEB4:65204
s
s
s
s
 
16   ش SHEEN 0634:1588
FEB5:65205

FEB6:65206

FEB7:65207

FEB8:65208
ʃ
sh
w
u
 
17   ص SAD 0635:1589
FEB9:65209

FEBA:65210

FEBB:65211

FEBC:65212
s
s'
S
S
 
18   ض DAD 0636:1590
FEBD:65213

FEBE:65214

FEBF:65215

FEC0:65216
z
d'
x
e
 
19   ط TAH 0637:1591
FEC1:65217

FEC2:65218

FEC3:65219

FEC4:65220
t
t'
T
T
 
20   ظ ZAH 0638:1592
FEC5:65221

FEC6:65222

FEC7:65223

FEC8:65224
z
z'
X
E
 
21   ع AIN 0639:1593
FEC9:65225

FECA:65226

FECB:65227

FECC:65228
ʔ,ɵ
y
e
o
 
22   غ GHAIN 063A:1594
FECD:65229

FECE:65230

FECF:65231

FED0:65232
ɣ
gh
Q
Q
 
23   ف FEH 0641:1601
FED1:65233

FED2:65234

FED3:65235

FED4:65236
f
f
f
f
 
24   ق QAF 0642:1602
FED5:65237

FED6:65238

FED7:65239

FED8:65240
q
q
q
q
 
25   ک KEHEH 06A9:1705
FB8E:64398

FB8F:64399

FB90:64400

FB91:64401
k
k
k
 
CRL uses arabic KAF (x0643) instead of KEHEH (see +36)
26   گ GAF 06AF:1711
FB92:64402

FB93:64403

FB94:64404

FB95:64405
g
g
g
g
 
27   ل LAM 0644:1604
FEDD:65245

FEDE:65246

FEDF:65247

FEE0:65248
l
l
l
l
 
28   م MEEM 0645:1605
FEE1:65249

FEE2:65250

FEE3:65251

FEE4:65252
m
m
m
m
 
29   ن NOON 0646:1606
FEE5:65253

FEE6:65254

FEE7:65255

FEE8:65256
n
n
n
n
 
30   ه HEH 0647:1607
FEE9:65257

FEEA:65258

FEEB:65259

FEEC:65260
h,ɵ,ɛ,æ
x'
h
h
 
31   و WAW 0648:1608
FEED:65261

FEEE:65262
   
u:,w,aw
u
v
v
 
32   ی FARSI_YEH 06CC:1740

FBFC:64508

FBFD:64509

FBFE:64510

FBFF:64511
i:,j,aj
i
y
y
Medial form appears wrong in browsers, so instead we show ARABIC_LETTER_YEH (see Arabic table)
Arabic letters, short vowels, diacritics, etc.
+33   ء HAMZA 0621:1569
FE80:65152
     
ʔ
y'
o
I
 
+34   ة TEH_
MARBUTA
0629:1577
FE93:65171

FE94:65172
   
h,t
eh
h*
 
 
+35   ى ALEF_
MAKSURA
0649:1609
FEEF:65263

FEF0:65264
   
i:,j,aj,a
e'
Y
 
 
+36   ك KAF 0643:1603
FED9:65241

FEDA:65242

FEDB:65243

FEDC:65244
k
kh
k*
k
see note on 25
+37   ي YEH 064A:1610
FEF1:65265

FEF2:65266

FEF3:65267

FEF4:65268
i:,j,aj
jh
y*
 
 
+38   َ FATHA 064E:1614
FE76:65142
   
FE77:65143
a
e
A
$
 
+39   ُ DAMMA 064F:1615
FE78:65144
   
FE79:65145
u
o
O or U
%
 
+40   ِ KASRA 0650:1616
FE7A:65146
   
FE7B:65147
i
j
E or I
^
 
+41   ً FATHATAN 064B:1611
FE70:65136
     
an
an'
AN
!
 
+42   ٌ DAMMATAN 064C:1612
FE72:65138
     
un
un'
UN
@
 
+43   ٍ KASRATAN 064D:1613
FE74:65140
     
in
in'
IN
#
 
+44   ّ SHADDA 0651:1617
FE7C:65148
   
FE7D:65149
 
2'
W
&
 
+45   ْ SUKUN 0652:1618
FE7E:65150
   
FE7F:65151
 
0'
N
*
 
+46   ـ TATWEEL 0640:1600        
 
 
_
 
 
+47   آ ALEF_WITH_
MADDA_ABOVE
0622:1570
FE81:65153

FE82:65154
   
ʔa:
ah
~a or aa
A
 
+48   أ ALEF_WITH_
HAMZA_ABOVE
0623:1571
FE83:65155

FE84:65156
   
ʔa
a'
`a or a*
 
 
+49   ؤ WAW_WITH_
HAMZA_ABOVE
0624:1572
FE85:65157

FE86:65158
   
ʔu
u'
u
 
 
+50   إ ALEF_WITH_
HAMZA_BELOW
0625:1573
FE87:65159

FE88:65160
   
ʔi
i'
``a or a**
 
 
+51   ئ YEH_WITH_
HAMZA_ABOVE
0626:1574
FE89:65161

FE8A:65162

FE8B:65163

FE8C:65164
ʔi
j'
i
i
 
Punctuation
+52   ، ARABIC_COMMA 060C:1548          
,
,
,
 
+53   ؛ ARABIC_
SEMICOLON
061B:1563          
;
;
;
 
+54   ؟ ARABIC_
QUESTION_MARK
061F:1567          
?
?
?
 
Digits
+55   ۰ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_ZERO
06F0:1776          
0
0
0
 
+56   ۱ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_ONE
06F1:1777          
1
1
1
 
+57   ۲ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_TWO
06F2:1778          
2
2
2
 
+58   ۳ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_THREE
06F3:1779          
3
3
3
 
+59   ۴ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_FOUR
06F4:1780          
4
4
4
 
+60   ۵ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_FIVE
06F5:1781          
5
5
5
 
+61   ۶ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_SIX
06F6:1782          
6
6
6
 
+62   ۷ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_SEVEN
06F7:1783          
7
7
7
 
+63   ۸ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_EIGHT
06F8:1784          
8
8
8
 
+64   ۹ EXTENDED_
ARABIC-INDIC_
DIGIT_NINE
06F9:1785          
9
9
9
 
Also visit the following pages:
  www.uconv.com/fa.htm
  crl.nmsu.edu/~mleisher/keyboards/persian.html
  crl.nmsu.edu/Research/Projects/shiraz/letters.html
  www.farsiweb.info



Sanskrit, sa, |samhskryt|, संस्कृत
Sanskrit,  0900,  DEVANAGARI_,  left-to-right,  caseless

No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
Letter
अं
अः
Name
A
AA
I
II
U
UU
VOCALIC
R
VOCALIC
RR
VOCALIC
L
VOCALIC
LL
E
AI
O
AU
A+
SIGN
ANUSVARA
A+
SIGN
VISARGA
KA
KHA
GA
GHA
NGA
CA
CHA
JA
JHA
NYA
TTA
TTHA
DDA
DDHA
NNA
TA
THA
DA
DHA
NA
PA
PHA
BA
BHA
MA
YA
RA
LA
VA
SHA
SSA
SA
HA
Hex
0905
0906
0907
0908
0909
090A
090B
0960
090C
0961
090F
0910
0913
0914
0905+0902
0905+0903
0915
0916
0917
0918
0919
091A
091B
091C
091D
091E
091F
0920
0921
0922
0923
0924
0925
0926
0927
0928
092A
092B
092C
092D
092E
092F
0930
0932
0935
0936
0937
0938
0939
Dec
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2400
2316
2401
2319
2320
2323
2324
2309+2306
2309+2307
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2354
2357
2358
2359
2360
2361
IPA
ʌ
a:
i
i:
u
u:
r̩:
l̩:
e:
a:i̥
o
a:u̥
əh
kʰʌ
gʱʌ
ŋʌ
cʰʌ
ɟʌ
ɟʱʌ
ɲʌ
ʈʌ
ʈʰʌ
ɖʌ
ɖʱʌ
ɳʌ
tʰʌ
dʱʌ
pʰʌ
bʰʌ
ʋʌ
ɕʌ
ʂʌ
ɦʌ
3-ltr-max
caseless
a
ah
i
ih
u
uh
ry
ryh
ly
lyh
e
ay
o
aw
amh
aq
k
kh
g
gh
nh
c
ch
j
jh
ny
tq
tqh
dq
dqh
nq
t
th
d
dh
n
p
ph
b
bh
m
z
r
l
v
sh
sqh
s
x
2-ltr-max
case-sensitive
a
A
i
I
u
U
R
Ry
L
Ly
e
ay
o
aw
aM
aH
k
kh
g
gh
nh
c
ch
j
jh
ny
Th
TH
Dh
DH
nH
t
th
d
dh
n
p
ph
b
bh
m
z
r
l
v
sh
sH
s
x



Roman (Latin) script-based writing systems and languages

For now visit the following pages:
  www.uconv.com
    www.uconv.com/glb.htm
    www.uconv.com/ro.htm